Chaire de recherche du Canada en ÉPI

Université Laval


Guillaume François Larouche is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Doctoral Fellow within the Horizon Europe GEM-DIAMOND project (Globalisation, Europe, and Multilateralism - Democratic Institutions, the rise of Alternative Models and mounting Normative Dissensus). He is currently pursuing a triple PhD degree in European Law at iCourts, the Centre of Excellence for International Courts at the University of Copenhagen under the supervision of Prof. Mikael Rask Madsen, in International Studies at the École supérieure d’études internationales de l’Université Laval (ESEI) under the supervision of Prof. Jean-Frédéric Morin, and in Legal Sciences at the Faculty of Law of Université Libre de Bruxelles under the supervision of Prof. Chloé Brière.

His PhD research project investigates the EU external policy of exporting its conception of the rule of law to non-EU countries in the context of the rise of alternative models to the rules-based liberal order. It aims to shed light on the process of exporting a legal knowledge – the EU conception of the rule of law – by assessing the influence of human actors, the European Commission’s lawyers, and non-human factors, the socialization instruments used to export the rule of law, on the dynamics of the exportation process. The objective of this research is to unveil a “low-visible” (Baldwin and Davis 2005) phenomenon by providing an "intelligible understanding" of it (Madsen and Verschraegen 2013; Holtermann and Madsen 2015), in the form of a legal ethnography (e.g., Latour 2002). To this end, he is conducting a holistic examination of the exportation of the rule of law, by studying the socio-legal context of this phenomenon through participant observation stays and interviews.

An affiliated PhD researcher with the Canada Research Chair in International Political Economy at Université Laval, Guillaume François holds a Master of Laws (LLM) with Concentration in International Trade and Foreign Investment from the University of Ottawa (for which he received the mention “Excellent”), a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Université Laval, and an advanced certificate in French and European Law from Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas.

In addition to his doctoral research, he is currently working on an article preliminary entitled “The Division of Labour Between International Investment Agreements and Treaties for the Avoidance of Double Taxation: An Empirical Comparison” with Professor Wolfgang Alschner. He presented previous research results on the international norm against corruption as a candidate for jus cogens at the Edinburgh Postgraduate Law Conference in Scotland (UK) and on the potential adaptation of the WTO legal paradigm on “like” products to include environmental considerations at the 5th Annual McGill Law Graduate Conference in Montreal (Canada).

He is a member of the Barreau du Québec since January 2020 and practices public law at Langlois Lawyers LLP in Montreal.

Besides his research interests and law practice, Guillaume François is interested in history, French literature, travel, outdoor activities, and sports (swimming, running, cycling, yoga, and cross-country skiing).

Research interest

Rule of Law

Public International Law

International Economic Law

European Law

Legal Professionals and International Judges

EU External Action

Legal Knowledge

Empirical Legal Studies

Public Law and Constitutional Law

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