Chaire de recherche du Canada en ÉPI

Université Laval


TRade & ENvironment Database

The TREND database identifies nearly 300 different types of environmental provisions in 730 trade agreements. The codebook, with a full description of each coded item, is available here. The complete dataset is available here and a dyadic version is available here

It was built by Jean-Frédéric Morin and his team, thanks to funding provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI), Center for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and Université Laval's Centre d'études pluridisciplinaires sur le commerce et l'investissement (CEPCI).

It relies on trade agreements provided by the Design of Trade Agreements (DESTA) project

The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institute für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) has created a online analytic tool, allowing users to explore the TREND database. It is available at

Jean-Frédéric Morin is working on several journal articles, book chapters and policy brief, presenting different aspects of TREND, in collaboration with Andreas Dür and Lisa Lechner (both at University of Salzburg), Joost Pauwely and James Hollway (both at the Graduate Institute, Geneva), Clara Brandi, Axel Berger and Dominique Bruhn (all three from the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institute für Entwicklungspolitik DIE), and Sikina Jinnah (University of California Santa Cruz).

Citation for the dataset: Morin, JF, A. Dür and L. Lechner (2018), "Mapping the trade and environment nexus: Insights from a new dataset", Global Environmental Politics, vol. 18(1). (replication dossier can be downloaded here)

For more information on TREND, please contact Jean-Frédéric Morin.