Chaire de recherche du Canada en ÉPI

Université Laval


TRade & ENvironment Database

The TREND database (updated in 2022) identifies nearly 300 different types of environmental provisions in 775 trade agreements. The codebook, with a full description of each coded item, is available here. The complete dataset is available here and a dyadic version is available here.

Citation for the dataset: Morin, JF, A. Dür and L. Lechner (2018), "Mapping the trade and environment nexus: Insights from a new dataset", Global Environmental Politics, vol. 18(1). (replication dossier can be downloaded here)

It was built by Jean-Frédéric Morin and his team, thanks to funding provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) and Center for International Governance Innovation (CIGI).

It relies on trade agreements provided by the Design of Trade Agreements (DESTA) project. The German Development Institute / Deutsches Institute für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) has created a online analytic tool, allowing users to explore the TREND database. It is available at

TREND gave rise to several publications, including :

For more information on TREND, please contact Jean-Frédéric Morin.