Chaire de recherche du Canada en ÉPI

Université Laval

Équipe

Noémie est chercheuse postdoctorale à l'IHEID (Geneva Graduate Institute). Ses recherches actuelles portent sur un projet pluridisciplinaire en relations internationales, économie et droit international visant à rendre les traités commerciaux plus socialement responsables.

Noémie a obtenu un doctorat en science politique à l'Université Laval. Précédemment, elle a obtenu un double-diplôme de Master à HEC Paris et l'Université Paris I en management et droit des affaires, ainsi qu'un Master en économie de l'environnement à l'Université de Bordeaux. Sa thèse doctorale explore quand, comment et pourquoi les accords internationaux sur l'environnement évoluent au fil du temps. Noémie a également publié plusieurs articles scientifiques au sujet des interactions entre les régimes internationaux du commerce et de l'environnement. Noémie s'intéresse par ailleurs aux devis de recherche mixtes et a enseigné un cours de méthodologie de la recherche à 100 étudiants de 1er cycle en 2021. 

En 2022, Noémie a obtenu le prestigieux prix Oran R. Young du Earth System Governance project pour son article intitulé "Institutional adaptation in slow motion: Zooming in on desertification governance". 

De 2017 à 2022, Noémie était assistante de recherche à la Chaire de recherche du Canada en économie politique internationale. À ce titre, elle a contribué à la construction et l'analyse de grandes bases de données de traités commerciaux et environnementaux. Elle a effectué un séjour de recherche à l'Université McGill (Montréal) en 2019, au Graduate Institute (Genève) en 2020 et au CÉRIUM (Montréal) en 2021. 

Projet de thèse : Learning to embrace change: On adaptive environmental treaties

Courriel : noemie.laurens@graduateinstitute.ch

 

Intérêts de recherche

Relations internationales, gouvernance environnementale, commerce international, design institutionnel, changement institutionnel, analyse de survie, analyse statistique, analyse de réseaux, QCA, méthodes mixtes

Articles scientifiques

  • Laurens, N, C. Brandi & J-F Morin (2022) "Climate and Trade Policies: From Silos to Integration" Climate Policy 22(2): 248-253.


    This paper investigates linkages between trade and climate policies by examining commitments made in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. While environmental protection and economic growth are often perceived as conflicting policy goals, PTAs and NDCs have the potential to encourage mutually supportive approaches to climate and trade governance. Building upon three recent datasets, the paper locates a sample of 21 countries in a typology of four issue-linkage strategies across both types of instruments: policy integration, policy silos, asymmetry in favor of trade policy, and asymmetry in favor of climate policy. It finds that countries that reveal a preference for strong linkage with climate in their PTAs typically do not reveal a preference for strong trade linkage in their NDCs, and vice versa. No state from the sample favors strong policy integration. After sketching out possible explanations for this observation, the paper concludes that policy-makers have significant room for enhancing synergies between trade and climate commitments and that scholars have a role to play in this endeavor.  


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  • Laurens, N and JF Morin (2019) "Negotiating Environmental Protection in Trade Agreements: A Regime Shift or a Tactical Linkage?" International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 19(6), 533-556.


    The prolific literature on the relationship between the trade and environmental regimes suffers from three shortcomings. First, it myopically focuses on multilateral institutions while the vast majority of trade and environmental agreements are bilateral. Second, when studies consider preferential trade agreements’ (PTAs) environmental provisions, they are often limited to US and EU agreements. Third, it examines how the trade and environmental regimes negatively affect each other, leaving aside their potential synergies. Conversely, this article assesses the potential contribution of PTAs to international environmental law. Several PTAs include a full-fledged chapter devoted to environmental protection and contain detailed commitments on various environmental issue areas. One possible scenario is that countries that are dissatisfied with traditional settings for environmental lawmaking engage in a process of “regime shifting” toward PTAs to move forward on their environmental agenda. The alternative is that PTAs’ environmental provisions are the result of “tactical linkages” and merely duplicate extant obligations from international environmental law to serve political goals. We shed light on this question by building on two datasets of 690 PTAs and 2343 environmental treaties. We investigate four potential contributions of PTAs to environmental law: the diffusion of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), the diffusion of existing environmental rules, the design of new environmental rules, and the legal prevalence of MEAs. The article concludes that the contribution of PTAs to the strengthening of states’ commitments under international environmental law is very modest on the four dimensions examined.


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  • Laurens, N, Z Dove, JF Morin and S. Jinnah (2019) "NAFTA 2.0: The Greenest Trade Agreement Ever?", World Trade Review 18(4) : 659-677.


    The renegotiation of what US President Trump called “the worst trade deal ever” has resulted in the most detailed environmental chapter in any trade agreement in history. The USMCA mentions dozens of environmental issues that its predecessor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), overlooked, and in line with contemporary US practice, brings the vast majority of environmental provisions into the core of the agreement, and subjects these provisions to a sanction-based dispute settlement mechanism. It also jettisons two controversial NAFTA measures potentially harmful to the environment. However, this paper argues that the USMCA only makes limited contributions to environmental protection. It primarily replicates most of the environmental provisions included in prior agreements, and only introduces three new environmental provisions. Moreover, it avoids important issues such as climate change, it does not mention the precautionary principle, and it scales back some environmental provisions related to multilateral environmental agreements.


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Communications avec arbitrage

Textes d’opinion et lettres ouvertes